Help:Special page

MediaWiki Handbook: Contents, Readers, Editors, Moderators, System admins +/-

Special pages are created by the software on demand. They are located in "Special:" namespace and have no corresponding wikitext. Automatic list of most special pages is available by the Special pages link on every wiki page.

Below is an arranged list of special pages available on most Wikimedia projects. Page names are case-insensitive; their default names were converted from capitalized lowercase to CamelCase in March 2008.

For many special pages the option Preferences→Recent changes→"Number of edits to show in recent changes, page histories, and in logs, by default:" determines the number of titles per page.

Contents

Lists

All pages

Mediawiki searches all pages in a specified group of names in a special ASCII order. Capitals come before lowercase letters and unique characters such as "é" come after "z".

Mediawiki searches include redirects (Example: #REDIRECT[[Page name]]) These redirects are usually displayed in a different style than normal pages because of allpagesredirect class.

If a person uses "Display pages starting at:" to search, both Special:Prefixindex and Special:Allpages will show the list of pages starting with this word, then Allpages will display all of the other pages in ASCII order which don't have this word.

For example, if a person types in "Computer" in the "Display pages starting at:" box on the Special:Allpages page, mediawiki will first list all pages that start with the word computer:

  • Computer
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer-Aided Test Tool
  • ComputerWorld Smithsonian Award

Mediawiki will then list all of the other pages that don't start with "computer" in ASCII order.

Protected

Categories

List of all categories, alphabetically ordered, showing the number of top elements in each category. Not very convenient, so many projects create index pages like w:Portal:Contents/Categorical index.
The tree of pages and subcategories, using mw:Extension:CategoryTree. The same tree functionality is used on categories pages, and can be inserted into any page with <categorytree> tag.

Images

List of uploaded files with descriptions, can be sorted by date, name or size.
Gallery of uploaded files with thumbnails, sorted by upload date.

Cached lists

All these lists are updated periodically (not in real time). They say "The following data is cached" and show the day of the last update.

All these lists are limited to 5000 titles, on several large Wikimedia projects to 1000 titles.

Record pages

These lists only show main namespace pages:

The following lists are no longer updated in Wikimedia projects due to big server load:

Problematic

Pages that link to a disambiguation page, which should link to the appropriate topic instead. A disambiguation page is defined as a page on which a disambiguation template (defined in MediaWiki:Disambiguationspage) is transcluded.
Redirects to non-existant pages, usually left after deletions. Periodically fixed or deleted by administrators.
Redirects to other redirects. May contain false positives. Double redirects are fixed by bots in many projects.
Main namespace pages with no links to them in the wiki.
Main namespace pages without any outgoing internal links.
Main namespace pages without Interlanguage links
Non-existant categories used on wiki pages. These should either be created (by adding category description and upper categories) or those wiki pages should be fixed (e.g. if someone mistyped a category name).

The following lists are no longer updated on Wikimedia projects:

Non-existant pages that have at least 2 incoming internal links.
A list of links from a page in the main namespace to a page in other namespaces (except for Special, Talk, Meta and Template namespaces), which are not advisable to use.

Without categories

Usually these pages need to be either categorized or deleted.

Unused

If the pages are not used, they probably need to be deleted. Note however that images might be used externally, and templates may be used for substitution.

Tools

This link is available on every wiki page, see Help:What links here.
Available only to autoconfirmed users on most projects.
Returns the complete path for a file, previously was mw:Extension:Filepath.
By mw:Extension:ExpandTemplates. Provides an input box to enter wikitext, and another one to enter a page name, and produces expanded wikitext, i.e., templates, parser functions and variables are expanded recursively; variables depending on page name are expanded based on the supplied page name.
ISBN Book Sources
mw:Extension:Cite/Special:Cite.php is not enabled on Meta, but enabled on Wikipedia, see w:Special:Cite and w:wp:Citing Wikipedia.
Produces an XML file containing the wikitext and metadata of either the current version only, or all revisions, of one or more pages, specified in the form of a list; the XML file is in the format required for Special:Import; exporting is typically done either in preparation of applying the latter at another MediaWiki project, or for searching within old page revisions. See Help:Export.

Search

See Help:Search
By mw:Extension:LinkSearch. See Help:Linksearch.
Filters files for its MIME-type.

Random

These links redirect to a random page/redirect from the main namespace. Other namespaces can be specified as a parameter.


Users actions

See #Logs below.
See Help:Recent changes. Limited to 30 days on Wikimedia projects, just like two following special pages and the watchlist.
See Help:Related changes.
Newest pages with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation. Can be patrolled on Wikimedia projects.

Project

Account

Creates new login cookie.
Destroys cookie, see also Privacy policy. This link is not included in the automatic list because it is present on every page.

Pages available only to registered users:

Users

Alphabetic list of all registered users, can be shown by group. There also is Special:Listadmins, which is a redirect to Special:Listusers/Sysop. For some project families, notably Wikia, this applies for the whole family.
Blocked IPs and usernames
Requires a target user: e. g. Special:Contributions/Example. This link is also present on every user/user talk page. Registered users also have the link to their own contributions on top.
A special mode newbie contribs shows recent changes made only by new users.

MediaWiki

Shows MediaWiki version the site is currently running, and a listing of extensions installed.
Project statistics, appearance is defined by MediaWiki:Sitestatstext.
Automatic list of most special pages. See also SpecialPages grouped into categories - modification that can sort the SpecialPages into categories.
All pages in the MediaWiki namespace, see Help:System message.
By mw:Extension:Gadgets.

Wikimedia

By mw:Extension:SiteMatrix. Displays all sites of the Wikimedia Foundation.
Voting software for Wikimedia Board of Trustees elections.

<restrictedpheading>

These pages are only available to users with special rights. Most of them are linked from the corresponding places in MediaWiki interface.

Sysops
Block or unblock users, IPs and ranges of IPs.
Restore all or some revisions of deleted page
Show user's contributions to deleted pages, see mw:Extension:DeletedContributions.
Imports the wikitext and metadata of one or more revisions of one or more pages by uploading an XML file in the format produced by Special:Export (typically after applying the latter at another MediaWiki project). See Help:Import.
List of pages not watched by anyone.
Mass deletions of pages recently added by a given user or IP. This is mw:Extension:Nuke, enabled only on some Wikimedia projects.
Bureaucrats
CheckUsers
Oversight
Stewards
  • User rights management (Userrights): give and remove user access rights (e.g. sysop, bureaucrat, checkuser) on any Wikimedia project. On some projects also available to sysops for giving users patrol or rollback flags.
Developers

Other pages

These pages are not listed in the automatic list because they are already present in MediaWiki interface.

Also, by definition these pages can be considered special:

Not enabled on Wikimedia wikis

Arbitration committee election 
Special:ArbComVote : ditto for the finished Arbitration Committee elections.
Popular pages 
Special:Popularpages : The most visited pages. Currently disabled.
SQL query 
Special:Asksql : Sysop only. Database interface for running queries. Currently disabled.
Unicode Converter 
Special:UnicodeConverter : Converts Unicode to HTML entities : Not currently available outside of the test wiki

Links to special pages

Special pages can be linked to as usual, like Special:Recentchanges. Instead of "special" prefix, a localized namespace name can be used, e.g. "Speciaal" in Dutch, "Spezial" in German, "Speciális:" in Hungarian and "מיוחד:" in Hebrew. The localized name also appears in the URLs.

Redirects to Special pages have been disabled because of their complications.

Some special pages accept (and some require) a parameter after /. For other pages and parameters the full URL has to be given, for example http://neurocommons.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Special:Recentchanges&days=3&limit=10 (last 10 changes).

  • Allpages and Prefixindex allow a namespace and a (partial) pagename, for example:
Besides, these special pages can be transcluded into wikitext, so the result appears as the part of the page, e.g. {{Special:Prefixindex/User:Example/}}.
  • Recentchanges, Newpages and Newimages also can be transcluded:
    {{Special:Newpages/shownav}} — show with header
    {{Special:Newpages/10}} — show 10 elements
    {{Special:Newpages/limit=10,offset=10,shownav}} — start from 10th element, plus previous parameters
  • Whatlinkshere, Recentchangeslinked, Movepage, Undelete, Contributions and Blockip, being interface links, accept (or even require) a page or a user name, e.g. Special:Whatlinkshere/Help:Special page.
  • Listusers can be used with a group name: sysop, bot, bureaucrat, checkuser, e.g. Special:Listusers/bot.
  • Log can be used with a log type: move, protect, block, delete, e.g. Special:Log/move.
  • Random and Randomredirect accept namespace (see above).

Two special pages Mypage and Mytalk exist specially for internal links, they redirect to the pages of a user who follows these links. Examples: Special:Mypage, Special:Mypage/monobook.js.

Logs

Special:Log - combined display of various logs. You can narrow down the view by:

  • selecting a log type, including:
  • entering the full name without prefix of the acting user (usual case-sensitivity)
  • entering the full name of the affected page (usual case-sensitivity) e.g. "Image:Map South Holland.png"), or the full name including prefix of the affected user (in the case of blocking, setting user rights, setting bot status, and user creation) or without prefix (in the case of renaming a user)

It does not seem possible to search by editor for edits of deleted pages. They can only be seen by a sysop with Special:Undelete if the exact page name is known.

There are no logs available on the site for:

  • adding or removing a page from a user's list of page to watch (the user can only view the current state)
  • change of preferences of a user (ditto)
  • viewing a page (except that, if $wgDisableCounters is false, the total number of views of a page is displayed on it)
  • editing and previewing a page without saving
  • applying Special:Expandtemplates
  • applying Special:Export
  • unfinished operations (e.g. an attempted page move)

See also

Old logs on NeuroCommons, until Dec 2004:


+/-

Links to other help pages

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Versions of this help page (for other languages see below)
Meta | Wikinews | Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/page/Help:Special_page | Wikiquote | Wiktionary
Links to this page from Meta (int) Meta (ext) Wikipedia MediaWiki
Reading
Go | Search | Stop words | URL | Namespace | Page name | Section
Backlinks | Link | Piped link | Interwiki link | Redirect | Category | Image page
Logging in and preferences
Logging in | Preferences | User style
Editing
Advanced editing | Editing FAQ | Edit toolbar | Export | Import
Editing shortcuts
Tracking changes
Recent changes (enhanced) | Related changes | Watching pages | Diff
Page history | Edit summary | User contributions | Minor edit | Patrolled edit
Style & formatting
Wikitext examples | Reference card
HTML in wikitext | HTML elements
List | Table | Sorting
Mathematical symbols on English Wikipedia
Special input and output
Inputbox | Special characters | Displaying a formula | Images and other uploaded files | EasyTimeline
Advanced functioning
Template | Advanced templates | Parser function | ParserFunctions | Parameter default | Variable | Magic word | System message | Substitution
Array | Calculation
Page management
Starting a new page | Renaming (moving) a page | Maintenance | Merging and moving pages | Protecting pages
Resolving disputes | Deleting a page
Special pages
Talk page | Testing | Sandbox
Lists of resources
Lists of Categories | Copyrights | Infobox
Redirect | Reference Desk | Shortcuts | Stub types