Help:HTML in wikitext

MediaWiki Handbook: Contents, Readers, Editors, Moderators, System admins +/-


Contents

Permitted HTML

The following HTML elements are currently permitted:


For many HTML elements, more convenient wikitext code is available, see Help:Editing. On the other hand, HTML tags allow an id that can be referenced in one's user style css, and allows the tag to be used as link target.


For example, the anchor element <a> is not allowed, so the wikitext

<a href="http://meta.wikimedia.org/">Main Page</a>

is treated like the wikitext

&lt;a href="http://meta.wikimedia.org/"&gt;Main Page&lt;/a&gt;

and is therefore displayed as

<a href="http://meta.wikimedia.org/">Main Page</a>

which is unlikely to be what the editor intended. Instead of using the anchor element (<a>) the wiki markup for external reference is recommended (enclosed in square brackets with the URL separated from the contents by a single space):

[http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Main Page]

displays as:

Main Page



The following excerpt from Sanitizer.php additionally shows which attributes are allowed.

<source lang=php> $htmlpairs = array( # Tags that must be closed

'b', 'del', 'i', 'ins', 'u', 'font', 'big', 'small', 'sub', 'sup', 'h1',
'h2', 'h3', 'h4', 'h5', 'h6', 'cite', 'code', 'em', 's',
'strike', 'strong', 'tt', 'var', 'div', 'center',
'blockquote', 'ol', 'ul', 'dl', 'table', 'caption', 'pre',
'ruby', 'rt' , 'rb' , 'rp', 'p', 'span' );

$htmlsingle = array(

'br', 'hr', 'li', 'dt', 'dd' );

$htmlsingleonly = array( # Elements that cannot have close tags

'br', 'hr' );

$htmlnest = array( # Tags that can be nested--??

'table', 'tr', 'td', 'th', 'div', 'blockquote', 'ol', 'ul',
'dl', 'font', 'big', 'small', 'sub', 'sup', 'span' );

$tabletags = array( # Can only appear inside table

'td', 'th', 'tr' );

</source>

Tags

<span>http://en.wikipedia.org/page/HTML_element#Span_element is a generic inline text container.

<font> is a similar tag which is deprecated (should not be used) in favor of <span>.

For example <source lang=html4strict> a red word. </source> produces the same result as <source lang=html4strict> a red word. </source>

See also template:font size demo ( talk edit history links ) and Help:Text colorhttp://www.neurocommons.org/page/Help:Text_color.

It's pointless to combine the legacy tag <font> with inline CSS; legacy browsers would ignore the CSS, while modern browsers support <span> (see above).

Note that in most cases, one can use a more descriptive tag, for instance, <strong> to indicate an important piece of text, or <em> (subject to the same things as strong) to indicate an emphasized piece of text.

This not only draws the user's attention to the text, but can also alert those who are using nonvisual browsers or have sight impairments, etc. to the fact that that is emphasized text.

<div>

<div> is a generic block container. Rules:

  • <div> should be followed by a newline
  • </div> should be preceded by a newline
  • </div> followed by text on the same line, two newlines and text before <div> on the same line should be avoided (because the two newlines only produce a space)

Example:

"----
o

p<div>q</div>r

s<div>t
u
v
x</div>y

s<div>t
u
v
x</div>y

z
----
"
gives "


o

p
q
r s
t

u v

x
y s
t

u v

x
y

z


" [1]

HTML comment

Using template:t ( talk edit history links ):

  • "{{t}}" gives "start-pqr-end" [2]
  • "{{subst:xpd|t}}" gives "<!--t-->start-pqr-end", producing HTML code without the comment.

The "Remove comments" option of ExpandTemplates selects whether comments are removed, not just in the final result but throughout the expansion process. This affects the result of parser functions: a comment in the expression of #expr or in the condition of #ifexpr gives an error message unless "Remove comments" is on, and comments affect #if and ifeq.

Example:

Wikitext:


{{#expr:<!--p-->3}}

{{#ifeq:<!--p-->3|3|1|0}}

{{#if:<!--p-->|1|0}}

Result of normal expansion, and of ExpandTemplates with "Remove comments" on:


3

1

0


Result of full substitution, and of ExpandTemplates with "Remove comments" off:


Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character ""

0

1


Therefore it is typically better to avoid comments in these places, and to put the comment before or after the parser function.

In the case of nested parser functions, to avoid having to put the comments outside the whole, an alternative is {{void|comment}}. In the case of substitution of the parser function, "void" has to be substituted too, e.g. in a template allowing multi-level substitution we can put {{{{{subst1|}}}#expr:3*{{{1}}} {{{{{subst1|}}}void| multiply by 3 }}}}.

Another alternative is making the comment the name of a parameter (in the likely case that it is unused), with the empty string as default, e.g. {{{ multiply by 3 |}}} or, to recognize the intention, use pseudo comment tags: {{{<!- multiply by 3 ->|}}}, or real ones, if the empty string is not used as parameter: {{{<!-- multiply by 3 -->|}}}.

See also template:t comment ( talk edit history links ).

Attributes

Most tags can have a style attribute. For example <source lang=html4strict>

This is red text.

</source> produces:

This is red text.


Most tags can have classes and IDs. They can be used in conjunction with stylesheets to give a piece of text a descriptive class (or unique identifier) and to refer to that in a stylesheet. For example

<source lang=html4strict>

Example infobox

</source>

Example infobox

Produces the box which floats on the right because infobox class is already defined in local Mediawiki:Common.css.

Classes and IDs can also be used by Javascript code, for example see how {Link FA} works in enwiki.


Another attribute example is title, for example used in {{H:title}} template: note the hover box over "20000 ft"

"a height of 20000 ft above sea level"


Tags with special effect

Pre

<pre> tags work as the combination of <nowiki> and the standard HTML <pre> tag: the content will preformatted, and it will not be parsed, but shown as in the wikitext source. If you want preformatted but parsed text, use a space in the beginning of the line instead. For example,

<pre>This word is <b>bold</b>.</pre>
  This word is <b>bold</b>.

will render as

This word is <b>bold</b>.
This word is bold.

Comments

HTML comments in the wikitext (<!-- ... -->) will not appear in the HTML code at all.

Headers

Headers (<h1>...<h6>) will be treated in a similar way as wikicode headers:

sample header

Note that it appears in the table of contents and has an accompanying edit link. There are some minor differences though: editing such a section won't prefill the edit summary, and the browser won't jump to the beginning of the section when saving the page. Thus, you should use the wikitext equivalents instead.

Exceptions

In some pages in the MediaWiki namespace (typically the short messages like button labels) HTML does not work, and e.g. <span id=abc> produces the HTML &lt;span id=abc&gt; rendered by the browser as <span id=abc>. Some others are interpreted as pure HTML (thus any tag can be used, but wikicode won't be transformed to HTML).

User CSS and JS pages (see Help:User style) are interpreted as if inside a <pre> block. From MW 1.11 this also goes for sitewide CSS/JS; in earlier versions, you have to manually add /*<pre>*/ to the beginning and /*</pre>*/ to the end of those pages to avoid strange rendering.

External links


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